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Peth (Kothaligad) FortHeight : 3100 ft.
Type : Hill forts Fort Range : Karjat
District : Raigad Grade : Medium
      Peth, also known as ‘Kothaligad’, is situated in Shahapur Taluka, approximately 21Km North East of Karjat. This fort stands tall in the company of various other forts like Rajmachi, Dhak, Siddhagad and Bhimashankar, a witness to our illustrious history.

Kothaligad is more commonly known as the fort of Peth because the village of Peth is situated at its base. This fort though small in stature has a vast historical background. Mughal chronicles provide us a lot of information on this fort. This fort was more of a ‘defense station’ than a strong fort. Peth was mainly used for ammunition storage. Peth gained importance during Sambhaji’s era.
3 Photos available for this fort
Peth (Kothaligad)
History :
      Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb ordered his warriors ‘Abdul Kadar’ and ‘Ali Biradarkani’ in November 1684 to capture the forts belonging to Sambhaji’s empire. Abdul Kadar had a fair idea of importance of possession of this fort. Control over fort means control over Kokan region. He made a concrete plan to conquer the fort. In his efforts, he went in the surrounding region and kept people thereof as his servants to get inside information from them. As soon as he came to know that arms and weapons were traded here, his group of 300 gunmen reached the base in November 1684. The Marathas forced most of them back, but some still managed to reach the ‘Magarkot Dwar’ and started shouting ‘open the door’. The Marathas inside the fort opened the door on the assumption that these shouting Mughals were ‘own men’ who came for picking up the weapons for war. The Mughals immediately rushed in and the battle started. They could win the battle with help of ‘Mankoji Pandhere’.

The next day, the Marathas surrounded the fort. Abdul Kadar’s position became critical. The ammunition in the fort was destroyed and used in the battle. Although the Mughals were occupying the fort, they were helpless as the Marathas looted ammunition and food sent to them at their base camp, on its way. About 10-12 days later, Abdul Aziz Khan sent his son Abdul Khan to help Abdul Kadar. But Maratha Sardar Naroji Tryambak was hiding in the valley to prevent him to approach the fort. When another war broke, the Marathas lost and Naroji was killed. Ehmat Khan capitulated Naroji and hung his head right in the middle of the road. Now, the Mughals had total control over the fort. The Golden keys of main door of the fort were sent to Aurangzeb as a symbol of victory. After confirming the victory, he rewarded Abdul Khan. The Mughals renamed the fort as ‘Miftahulfateh’, meaning victory key.

The Marathas continued their efforts to conquer the fort. In December 1684, the Marathas tried to stop Mughals moving towards the fort. Seven thousand Marathas constituted a strong battalion and fought with Mahamatkhan. But success was far away. In April 1685, 700 Marathas attacked again. About 200 of them climbed the fort with the help of rope ladders. Battle started between two parties and a lot of blood shaded. The goddess of victory again favored the Mughals and the Marathas lost the battle and the fort.

After 130 years in November 1817, Bapurao, a Maratha Sardar with Bajirao II fought with British and won the fort.
Geography :
      One has to board ST bus for Ambivali via Kashele or from Karjat railway station on Mumbai-Pune route. The distance from Karjat to Ambivali is about 30 Kms. A road leads to village Peth from Ambivali. A tiring pathway leads to the fort door from village Peth. The pathway pierces through lush green trees and we can refresh ourselves with the lovingly smelled flowers and tasty fruits.
On can get down at Neral, another railway station on Mumbai-Pune route and reach Kashele by local conveyance and catch bus for Ambivali from there.
Fascinating Spots :

      The pinnacle of the Peth can be seen from the village. It looks like a filed surface. On reaching the top of the fort, we see caves carved in huge rocks. The first one is the cave of Goddess, besides which is a water cistern and the last one is the specious Bhairoba cave. A flat floor and well-sculpted pillars are specialty of the cave. Along the Bhairoba cave, steps are carved leading the pinnacle.

Four –Five potholes and some canon balls are scattered in the fort. Kalwawantinicha Mahal, Nagfani, Siddhagad, Malanggad, Chanderi, Prabalgad, Manikgad, and Matheran all these surrounding historical places are visible from top of the fort Peth.
Ways To Reach :
      One has to board ST bus for Ambivali via Kashele or from Karjat railway station on Mumbai-Pune route. The distance from Karjat to Ambivali is about 30 Kms. A road leads to village Peth from Ambivali. A tiring pathway leads to the fort door from village Peth. The pathway pierces through lush green trees and we can refresh ourselves with the lovingly smelled flowers and tasty fruits.
On can get down at Neral, another railway station on Mumbai-Pune route and reach Kashele by local conveyance and catch bus for Ambivali from there.
Ambivali to Peth – 2 hours
Peth village to top of the fort – 1 hour
Accommodation Facility :
      The cave on the fort is the best place to spend a night.
Drinking Water Facility :
      There are many a cisterns and tanks on the fort, but the one near the cave is reliable.
Time To Reach :
      45 minutes from the base village.
Marathi Version   Print

Forts of Category: Hill forts
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 Antoor  Arjungad  Asawa  Asherigad
 Aundha  Avchitgad  Ballalgad  Balwantgad
 Banda Fort  Bankot  Barvai  Bhagwantgad
 Bhairavgad(kothale)  Bhairavgad(Moroshi)  Bhandardurg  Bhangsigad(Bhangsi mata gad)
 Bharatgad  Bhaskargad  Bhavangad  Bhavanigad
 Bhilai Fort  Bhimashankar  Bhivagad  Bhivgad(Bhimgad)
 Bhorgiri  Bhudargad  Bhupalgad (Banurgad)  Bhupatgad
 Bhushangad  Birwadi  Bishta  Bitangad
 Chambhargad  Chandan-Vandan  Chanderi  Chandragad to Arthur seat
 Chandragad(Dhavalgad)  Chapora Fort  Chaulher  Chavand
 Darya Ghat  Dasgaon Fort  Dategad  Daulatmangal
 Dehergad (Bhorgad)  Dermal  Devgiri (Daulatabad)  Dhak-Bahiri
 Dhakoba  Dharavi Fort  Dharmapuri  Dubergad(Dubera)
 Dundha  Durg  Durg Dhakoba  Gadgada (Ghargad)
 Gagangad  Galna  Gambhirgad  Gandharvgad
 Gavilgad  Ghangad  Gharapuri  Ghodbunder Fort
 Ghosalgad  Ghotawada Fort (Gotara)  Gopalgad  Gorakhgad
 Gorakhgad(Manmad)  Gowalkot  Gunawantgad  Hadsar
 Hanumantgad(Nimgiri)  Hanumantgad(Sindhudurg)  Hargad  Harihar
 Harishchandragad  Hatgad  Hatkeshwar to Lenyadri  Honnur Fort
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 Janjala (Vaishagad)  Jawlya  Jivdhan  Kailasgad
 Kakati Fort  Kaladgad  Kalanidhigad (Kalanandigad)  Kaldurg
 Kalsubai  Kalyangad(Nandgiri)  Kamalgad  Kamandurg
 Kanchan  Kanhergad(Nashik)  Kankrala  Karha
 Karnala  Katra  Kavnai  Kenjalgad
 Khairai  Kharepatan fort  Kohoj  Kokandiva
 Koldurg  Kolkewadi  Kondhavi  Korigad
 Kulang  Kunjargad(Kombadgad)  Kurdugad  Laling
 Lingana  Lohgad  Madangad  Madhu makarandgad
 Mahadevgad  Mahimangad  Mahimatgad  Mahipalgad
 Mahipatgad  Mahuli  Malanggad  Malhargad
 Mandangad  Mangad  Mangalgad  Mangi-Tungi
 Manikdurg  Manikgad  Manikpunj  Manjarsubha Fort
 Manohar-Mansantoshgad  Markandeya  Mirgad(Songir)  Mohandar(Shidaka)
 Mohangad  Moragad  Mordhan  Morgiri
 Mrugagad  Mulher  Nagardhan  Nagla Bunder Fort
 Naneghat  Narayangad  Narayangad(Amboli)  Narnala
 Nhavigad  Nimgiri  Nivati Fort  Pabargad
 Pachhapur Fort  Padargad  Pal Fort  Palashi Fort
 Palgad  Pandavgad  Panhaledurg  Panhalekaji Fort
 Panhalgad  Pardi Fort  Pargad  Parnera Fort
 Parvatgad  Pateshwar  Peb  Pemgiri(Shahagad)
 Peth (Kothaligad)  Piliv Fort  Pimpla  Pimplas Kot
 Pisol  Plus Valley  Prabalgad  Pratapgad
 Premgiri  Purandar  Raigad  Raikot
 Raireshwar  Rajapur Fort (British warehouse)  Rajdeher  Rajdher
 Rajgad  Rajhansgad (Yellur Fort)  Rajmachi  Ramdurg
 Ramgad  Ramshej  Ramtek  Ranjangiri
 Rasalgad  Ratangad  Ratangad(Ratnadurg)  Ratnadurg
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 Rohilgad  Sada Fort  Sadashivgad  Sagargad
 Sajjangad  Salher  Salota  Samangad
 Samrajgad  Sandan Valley - Karoli Ghat  Santoshgad  Saptashrungi
 Sarasgad  Sewri Fort  Shivgad  Shivneri
 ShivtharGhal  Siddhagad (Malvan)  Sidhhagad  Sinhagad
 Sitabuldi fort(Sitabardi Fort)  Sondai  Songad  Songir (Dhule)
 Songir (Karjat)  Songiri (near Roha)  Sudhagad  Sumargad
 Tahuli  Takmak  Talgad  Tandulwadi
 Terekhol Fort  Thalner  Tikona  Torna
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 Vardhangad  Varugad  Vasantgad  Vetalgad
 Vetalwadi Gad  Vilasgad (Mallikarjun)  Visapur  Vishalgad
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