_wimjamZwgma S>m|JaamJmZwgma {OmZwgma H$mamZwgma loUrZwgma

bmohJS> (Lohagad) {H$`mMr CMr :  3400 \y$Q> .
{H$`mMm H$ma : {JarXwJ S>m|JaamJ: bmoUmdim
{Ohm : nwUo loUr : gmonr
ndZm_mdimV AgUmam Am{U bmoUmdim (~moa) KmQ>mMm gajH$ AgUmam hm bmohJS> nwUo - _w~B h_a`md$Z ghOM ZOaog nS>Vmo. nw`m Am{U _w~BnmgyZ Odi Ag`m H$maUmZo `oWo Q>oH$g _S>itMr Zoh_rM `o Om Mmby AgVo. {H$`m`m nmoQ>mV ^mOo Am{U ~oS>go `m {gX bo`m AmhoV.. _w~B - nwUo aodo_mJmdarb _idbr Q>oeZda CV$Z AmnU {H$`mH$S>o OmD$ eH$Vmo. _hm_mJmnmgyZ OdiM Ag`mZo nm``m`m JmdmV gd gwIgw{dYm AmhoV.

B{Vhmg :
bmohJS> {H$m hm A{V _O~yV, ~wbX Am{U XwO}` Amho. {H$`mMr {Z{_Vr Odi AgUmar ^mOo Am{U ~oS>go hr ~mH$mbrZ boUr `m H$mir {Z_mU Pmbr, `mhr nydu hUOoM gmmdrego dfmnydu Pmbobr Agmdr Ago AZw_mZ {ZKVo. gmVdmhZ, Mmbw`, am>Hy$Q>, `mXd `m gd amOdQ>r `m {H$`mZo nm{h`m.B. g. 1489 _`o _{bH$ Ah_XZo {ZOm_emhrMr WmnZm Ho$br Am{U AZoH$ {H$o qOHy$Z KoVbo. `mnH$sM bmohJS> hm EH$. B. g. 1564 _`o Ah_XZJaMm gmVdm amOm Xwgam ~whmU {ZOm_ `m {H$`mda H$XoV hmoVm. B. g. 1630 _`o {H$m Am{XbemhrV Ambm. 1657 _`o {edmOr _hmamOmZr H$`mU Am{U {^dS>r n[aga qOHy$Z KoVbm Am{U bmohJS> - {dgmnya hm gd n[aga gwm dam`mV gm_rb H$$Z KoVbm. B. g. 1665 _`o Pmbo`m nwaXa`m VhmV hm {H$m _moJbm`m dmYrZ Ho$bm Jobm. nwT>o 13 _o 1670 _`o _amR>mZr {H$m naV qOH$bm. n{h`m gwaV byQ>o`m doiog AmUbobr gnmr ZoVmOr nmbH$aZo bmohJS>mda AmUyZ R>odbr hmoVr. B. g. 1713 _`o emh_hmamOmZr H$nmdV hmoD$Z bmohJS> H$mhmoOr AmJo `mg {Xbm. 1720 _`o AmJ`mH$Sy>Z Vmo noe`mH$S>o Ambm. 1770 _`o ZmZm \$S>UdrgmMm gaXma OmdOr ~m|~bo `mZo Vmo Amn`m Vm`mV KoVbm. ZmZmZr nwT>o Ym|S>monV {Zgwao `m`mH$S>o {H$`mMm H$ma^ma gmondbm.B. g. 1789 _`o ZmZmZr {H$`mMo ~mYH$m_ AmUIrZ _O~yV H$$Z KoVbo. {H$`mV ZmZmZr gmoim H$mZ Agbobr EH$ ~md ~mYbr d {V`m ~mOyg EH$ {ebmboI H$moabm, `mMm AW Agm-

eHo$ 1711 _`o ~mimOr OZmXZ ^mZy - ZmZm \$S>Udrg `mZr hr ~md Ym|S>mo ~mi {Zgwao `m`m XoIaoIrImbr ~mOrMQ> `mMoH$Sy>Z ~m{Ydbr.

ZmZmZr Amnbo gd ` {Zgw`mMo {ZJamUrV bmohJS>mda AmUbo. 1800 _`o {Zgw`mMm H$bmgdmg Pmbm. 1802 _`o `m`m nZr {H$`mda `oD$Z am{h`m. 1803 _`o {H$m BJOmZr KoVbm. nU ZVa Xwg`m ~mOramdmZo Vmo nwhm qOH$bm. 4 _mM 1818 bm OZab mWa bmohJS> qOH$`mgmR>r Ambm. `mZo gd W_ {dgmnya qOH$bm. `m {Xder {dgmnya BJOmZr KoVbm `m`m Xwg`mM {Xder _amR>o bmohJS> gmoSy>Z Jobo.


JS>mdarb nhm`mgmaIr {R>H$mUo :
JS>mda MT>VmZm Amn`mbm gbJ Mma doemam_wio V`ma Pmbo`m gnmH$ma _mJmd$Z Omdo bmJVo. gdW_
1. JUoe XadmOm:- m`mM S>m`m - CO`m ~wOmImbr gmdio Hw$Qw>~mMm Za~ir Xo`mV Ambm hmoVm Am{U `m`m ~X`mV `m`m deOmZm bmohJS>dmS>rMr nm{Q>bH$s Xo`mV Ambr hmoVr.`oWo AmVrb ~mOyg {ebmboI AmhoV.
2. Zmam`U XadmOm:- hm XadmOm ZmZm \$S>UrgmZr ~mYbm. `oWo EH$ ^w`ma Amho, {OWo ^mV d ZmMUr gmR>dyZ R>od`mV `oB.
3. hZw_mZ XadmOm:- hm gdmV mMrZ XadmOm Amho.
4. _hmXadmOm:- hm JS>mMm _w` XadmOm Amho. `mda hZw_mZmMr _yVu H$moabr Amho.

m Xadm`mMo H$m_ ZmZm \$S>UrgmZr 1 Zmoh|~a 1790 Vo 11 OyZ 1794 `m H$mbmdYrV Ho$bo. _hmXadm`mVyZ AmV {eaVmM EH$ XJm bmJVmo. X`m`m eoOmar gXa d bmohmaImZmMo ^ Adeof AmT>iVmV. `mM X`m`m ~mhoa ~mYH$m_mMm MwZm ~Z{d`mMm KmUm Amho.COdrH$S>o dOV^ Amho.`m`m OdiM EH$ Vmo\$ H$mhr hme XwJo_tZr qg_oQ>`m MmW-`mV ~gdbobr Amho.AerM EH$ Vmo\$ VwQ>bo`m AdWoV b_rH$moR>r`m g_moa nS>bobr Amho. dOV^m`m COdrH$S>o MmbV Jo`mg b_r H$moR>r AmT>iVo. `m H$moR>rV amhm`mMr gmo` hmoVo.`m H$moR>rV AZoH$ Imo`m AmT>iVmV.X`m`m nwT>o WmoS>o COdrH$S>o Jo`mg WmoS>m CMdQ>`mMm ^mJ Amho , {OWo EH$ gwXa {ed_{Xa AmT>iVo.nwT>o gai MmbV Jo`mda EH$ N>moQ>ogo Vio Amho.ho Vi A>H$moZr Amho. `m`mM ~mOybm {n`m`m nm`mMo Q>mHo$ XoIrb Amho.hr JS>mdarb {n`m`m nm`mMr EH$_od gmo` Amho. {VWyZ nwT>o nYam Vo drg {_{ZQ>o MmbV Jo`mg EH$ _moR>o Vio AmT>iVo.ZmZm \$S>UdrgmZr `m V`mMr ~mYUr Ho$br Amho.ho Vi gmoimH$moZr Amho._moR>m V`m`m nwT>o qdMwH$mQ>mH$S>o OmVmZm dmS>mMo H$mhr Adeof {XgVmV.

b_r H$moR>r`m npM_og qdMyH$mQ>m Amho. `m qdMyH$mQ>mg ~KyZ Amn`mbm AmR>dU `oVo Vr hUOo amOJS>m`m gOrdZr _mMrMr. nYameo _rQ>a bm~ Am{U Vrg _rQ>a X Aer hr S>m|JamMr gm|S> Amho. qdMwH$mQ>`mda Om`mgmR>r EH$ Q>nm CV$Z nbrH$S>o Omdo bmJVo. JS>md$Z nm{hbo AgVm hm ^mJ qdMdm`m ZmJrgmaIm {XgVmo, hUyZ `mg qdMyH$mQ>m hUVmV.`m ^mJmV nm`mMr Cm_ gmo` AmT>iVo.
JS>m`m AmOw~mOyMm n[aga `mhmi`mgmR>r `m qdMyH$mQ>m Mm Cn`moJ hmoV Agmdm. `m JS>md$Z `oVmZm ^mOo JmdmVrb ^mOo bo`m AmdOyZ nmh`mV.nmdgm`mVrb bmohJS>mMo n nm{hbo H$s _Zmo_Zr JwUJwUV...&
Amo`m nmZmV`m aofm dmMVmV Amobo njr&
Am{U nmonQ>r aJmMr amZ XmI{dVo Zjr &&
JS>mda Om`m`m dmQ>m :
bmohJS>mda Om`mgmR>r VrZ dmQ>m AmhoV.
1. ny`md$Z AWdm _w~Bd$Z
ny`md$Z AWdm _w~Bd$Z `oVmZm bmoUmd`m`m nwT>o AgUm-`m _idbr WmZH$mda CVamdo.VoWyZ Eog hm`do nma H$$Z ^mOo JmdmVyZ WoQ> bmohJS>bm OmUar dmQ> nH$S>mdr.dmQ> _moR>r Am{U eV Amho.{VWyZ XrS> Vmgm`m MmbrZVa "Jm`_wI' qIS>rV `oD$Z nmohMVmo. qIS>r`m A{bH$S>oM EH$ Jmd Amho `mMo Zmd bmohJS>dmS>r.qIS>rVyZ COdrH$S>o dibo hUOo bmohJS>mg nmohMVmo Am{U S>mdrH$S>o dibo hUOo {dgmnya {H$`mda nmohMVmo.`m _mJ} bmohJS>mda doe H$aVmZm Mma XadmOo bmJVmV.
2. bmoUmd`mhZ
bmoUmd`mhZ XwMmH$s AWdm MmaMmH$s dmhZmZo WoQ> bmohJS>mdmS>r n`V OmVm `oVo.ndZm YaUmH$S>o OmUm-`m a`mZo WmoS>o nwT>o Jo`mda S>mdrH$S>o EH$ aVm bmJVmo VoWyZ 3 Vo 4 qH$ _r AVamda bmohJS>mdmS>r Amho.C^m MT> Am{U A{Ve` YmoH$mXm`H$ diUo AmhoV.gmYmaU AYm VmgmMm dmg Amho._m `oWo EgQ>r _hm_S>imMr gmo` Zmhr.dV:Mo dmhZ Ag`mg Cm_ AWdm bmoUd`mVyZ Q>gZo OmVm `oVo _m Q>g^mS>o 1000 AmhoV.
3. H$mio H$mbZrhZ
H$mio H$mbZr hr ndZm YaUmOdi dgbobr Amho.VoWyZ bmohJS> Am{U {dgmnya _Yrb Jm`_wI qIS> n[aga `dpWV {XgVmo.ndZm YaUm`m ImbyZ EH$ aVm Jm`_wI qIS>r`m S>mdrH$S>rb Q>oH$S>rda OmVmo VoWyZ EH$ _ibobr nm`dmQ> AmnUmg bmohJS>mdmS>rV KoD$Z OmVo.`m Q>H$S>rda AJdmb Zmdm`m Bg_mMm ~Jbm Amho.`m dmQ>oZo {H$`mda Om`mg 2 Vmg bmJVmV.
amh`mMr gmo` :
b_r H$moR>r _`o ahm`mMr gmo` hmoVo.30 Vo 40 OU Amam_mV amh eH$VmV.
OodUmMr gmo` :
AmnU dV: OodUmMr gmo` H$amdr AWdm bmohJS>dmS>r _`o OodUmMr gmo` hmoVo.
nm`mMr gmo` :
~mam_hr {n`mgmR>r nmUr CnbY Amho.
Om`mgmR>r bmJUmam doi :
2 Vmg.
Forts in the District of Pune
 MmH$UMm {H$m (Chakan Fort)  MmdS> (Chavand)  XwJ -T>mH$mo~m (Durg Dhakoba)  KZJS> (Ghanagad)
 hS>ga (Hadsar)  OrdYZ (Jivdhan)  H$moarJS> - H$moamBJS> (Korigad)  bmohJS> (Lohagad)
 _hmaJS> (gmoZmoar) (Malhargad)  ZmUoKmQ (Naneghat)  {Z_{Jar (Nimgiri)  nwaXa (Purandar)
 am`aoa (Raireshwar)  amOJS> (Rajgad)  amO_mMr (Rajmachi)  amohrS>m (Rohida)
 {edZoar (Shivneri)  qghJS> (Sinhagad)  gmoZ{Jar (H$OV Odi) (Songir (Karjat))  {VH$moZm (Tikona)
 VmoaUm (Torna)  VwJ (Tung)  C~aqIS> (Umberkhind)  {dgmnya (Visapur)