_wimjamZwgma S>m|JaamJmZwgma {OmZwgma H$mamZwgma loUrZwgma

nX_XyJ (H$mgm {H$m) (Padmadurg ( Kasa Killa)) {H$`mMr CMr :  0
{H$`mMm H$ma : ObXwJ S>m|JaamJ: S>m|JaamJ Zmhr
{Ohm : am`JS> loUr : gmonr
_wS>`m gmJa {H$Zm`mdZ npM_obm g_wmV EH$ {H$m {XgVmo VmoM nX_XyJ C\$ H$mgm {H$m. _wS> - O{Oam nhm`mgmR>r Ambobo n`Q>H$ ghgm nX_XyJ nhm`mgmR>r OmV ZmhrV. H$maU O{O`mbm Om`mgmR>r `m_mUo ~moQ>r ghO CnbX AmhoV `m_mUo nX_XyJbm Om`mgmR>r ~moQ>r ghO {_iV ZmhrV. `mgmR>r _wS>hZ ImOJr hmoS>r H$Z `m {H$`mda Omdo bmJVo.

N>nVr {edmOr amOmZr ~mYbobm hm {H$m AmOhr gwpWVrV C^m Amho. {edam`m`m eXmV gmJm`Mo Va " nX_XyJ dgdyZ amOmnyar`m (O{Oam) Camdar Xwgar amOmnyar Ho$br Amho'. Agm hm gwXa {H$m EH$Xm Var dmH$S>r dmQ> H$Z nhmdm Agm Amho.


Padmadurg
B{Vhmg :
O{O`m`m {grMm H$moH$Un>rbm Cnd hmoV hmoVm. `mbm Amim KmbUo Amd`H$ hmoVo. `mgmR>r {edam`mZr _wS> Odi gm_amOJS >~mYyZ {gr`m O{_Zrdarb hmbMmbrda {Z`U AmUbo, Va {gr`m g_wmdarb hmbMmbtZm Oa~ ~g{d`mgmR>r _hmamOmZr _wS>Odi g_wmV Agbo`m H$mgm ~oQ>mda {H$m ~mY`mMm {ZU` KoVbm. `mM~amo~a nmWadQ>, JdS>r, bmohma, gwVma `mMr admZJr H$mgm ~oQ>mda H$a`mV Ambr.

[h ~mV_r {grbm H$i`mda Vmo AdW Pmbm, H$maU `m {H$`m_wio `m`m g_wmdarb hmbMmbrda _`mXm `oUma hmo`m. `mZo Ama_ma KoD$Z MT>mBMr V`mar Ho$br hmoVr, naVy _hmamOmZr {grMm ~Xmo~V H$a`mgmR>r X`mgmaJ XmbVImZmMr AmYrM Zo_UyH$ Ho$br hmoVr. {H$`mMr agX nwad`mMo H$m_ ^mdirMm gw^oXma {OdmOr {dZm`H$ `m`mda gmondbr hmoVr. `m H$m_mV h`J` Pm`mMo H$iVmM _hmamOmZr 18 OmZodmar 1675 bm {OdmOr {dZm`H$ `mZm Ia_arV n {bhZ `mMr H$mZ CKS>Ur Ho$br. {edmOr _hmamOm`m _md`mZr am̧ {Xdg EH$ H$Z, {grer bT>V-bT>VM {H$`mMr C^maUr Ho$br. nX_XyJMo n{hbo hdmbXma hUyZ {edam`mZr gw^mZOr _mohrVo `mMr {ZdS> Ho$br.

B.g. 1676 _`o _moamonV qnJio `m`m ZoVdmImbr \$mO XoD$Z _hmamOmZr O[O`mMr _mo{h_ H$mT>br `m _mo{h_oV _M`mdZ Vmo\$mMm _mam O{O`mda Ho$bm nU Ano{jV n[aUm_ gmYbm Zmhr. _J _moamonVmZr O{O`mbm {eS>m bmd`mMr YmS>gr `moOZm AmIbr. nX_XyJda H$m_ H$aUm`m A>mJmamVrb gmoZH$mo`m`m _wImZo, bm` nmQ>bmZo ho O~aXV AmhmZ pdH$mabo. EH$m amr bm` nmQ>rb Amn`m 8 -10 ghH$m`mgh nX_XyJVyZ ~mhoa nS>bo. AYmamMm \$m`Xm KoV O{O`m`m {nN>mS>rbm OmD$Z VQ>mbm XmoaIS>m`m {eS>m bmd`m d _moamonVm`m YmaH$`mMr dmQ> nhmV amhrbm. nhmQ> \w$Q>m`Mr doi Pmbr Var g` Ambo Zmhr ho nmhZ {Zame _ZmZo bm` nmQ>bmZo nX_XyJ JmR>bm.

bm` nmQ>bmMo ho YmS>g nmhZ {edmOr _hmamOmZr `mZm nmbIrMm _mZ {Xbm. nU X`mV [\$aUm`m gmoZH$mo`mZm nmbIrMm H$m` Cn`moJ hUyZ bm` nmQ>bmZo Z_nUo nmbIr ZmH$mabr. `mdZ _hmamO H$m` Vo g_Obo. `mZr _moamonVmZm EH$ Zdo Jb~V ~mYyZ `mMo Zmd "nmbIr' R>oD$Z bm` nmQ>bm`m dmYrZ H$a`mg gm{JVbo. `m{edm` amOmZr bm` nmQ>bmg N>r, do, {ZemU d X`m {H$ZmarMr "ganmQ>rbH$s' {Xbr.

g^mOr _hmamOm`m H$maH$sXuV nX_XyJ dam`mV hmoVm. g^mOr _hmamOm`m _`yZVa hr 1689 _`o hm {H$m _amR>m`m Vm`mV Ag`mMm CoI BJOm`m nmV Amho. `mZVa nX_XyJ {gr`m Vm`mV Jobm. _amR>mZr noedoH$mimV naV Vmo qOHy$Z KoVbm nU `m{df`r _m{hVr CnbY Zmhr.
JS>mdarb nhm`mgmaIr {R>H$mUo :
_wS>hZ ~moQ>rZo A`mVmgmV nX_XyJOdi nmohMVm `oVo. nX_XyJ`m nS>H$moQ>Mm d{eQ>onyU H$_im`m AmH$mamMm ^` ~wO XyZM Amnbo bj doYyZ KoVmo. ~moQ>rZo nX_XyJ d `mMm nS>H$moQ> `m`m _`o CVaVm `oVo. ~moQ>rVyZ CVa`mda W_ S>m`m hmVmMm AgUmam nS>H$moQ> nmhZ `mdm. nS>H$moQ>`m CdV (ApVdmV Zgbo`m) doemamVyZ AmV Am`mda S>m`m hmVmbm ^ dmVyMo Adeof {XgVmV. {VWyZ nwT>o Jo`mda AmnU nX_XyJmdarb d{eQ>nyU Aem ~wOmda OmVmo. `m ~wOm`m M`mZm H$_im`m nmH$`mgmaIm AmH$ma {Xbobm Amho. `m_wioM `m {H$`mMo Zmd " nX_XyJ' nS>bo Agmdo.
`m ~wOm`m AmV VQ>~XrV H$moR>ma Amho. ~wOmV gd {XemZm Vmo\$m R>od`mgmR>r PamoHo$ Ho$bobo AmhoV. AmOhr `mVsb VrZ Vmo\$m AgyZ `mMm amoI g_wmda d JS>doem`m _mJmda Amho. ~wOmbm bmJyZ Agbo`m VQ>~Xr_`o gS>mg Amho.

nS>H$moQ>`m VQ>~XrMr CMr g_wVQ>mnmgyZ 25 \y$Q> Agmdr. AmVm g_wm`m _m`mZo VQ>~XrMr Pmbobr nS>PS> d {H$`mV gmR>bo`m dmiy_yio VQ>~XrVrb [OZo, \$mOr PmH$bo Jobo AgmdoV. VQ>~XrdZ nS>{H$`mbm X{jUm _maVm `oVo. X{jUoV VQ>~Xrda d {H$`m`m AmV OmJmoOmJr nS>bo`m Vmo\$m {XgVmV. `m{edm` VQ>~Xrbm bmJyZ Agbobr nS>H$s dmVy , XmoZ hmX d `m_Yrb WS>J >rg nS>VmV. nS>H$moQ>Mr CmaoH$S>rb VQ>~Xr T>mgibobr AgyZ `m`m _w` {H$`mH$S>rb Q>moH$mbm EH$m nS>`m dmVyMo Adeof AmhoV. nS>H$moQ>`m g`m em~yV Agbo`m VQ>~Xr`m ~mhoa g_wm`m ~mOyZo VQ>~XrMm AOyZ EH$ Koa nydu hmoVm AmVm `mnH$s WmoS>oM Adeof {eH$ AmhoV. n[M_obm EH$m ~wOmMo Adeof {eH$ AmhoV `mdZ nX_XyJ`m nS>H$moQ>mMo {dhJ_ ` {XgVo.

nS>H$moQ>`m g_moaM nX_XyJMm _mJrb ~mOyMm XadmOm Amho. `m XadmOmZo {H$`mV doe H$aVm `oVmo qH$dm CO`m~mOyZo {H$`mbm digm KmbyZ _w` doemamZo {H$`mV OmVm `oVo. {H$`m`m ~wbX doemamn`V Om`mgmR>r 10 nm``m MTy>Z Omdo bmJVo. doemam`m XmoZ ~mOybm XmoZ ~wO AmhoV `m 30 \y$Q> CM ~wOmV Vmo\$m R>od`mgmR>r PamoHo$ d OmJmoOmJr O`m AmhoV. VgoM ~mOy`m VQ>~XrV Agbo`m O`mMm d Vmo\$mMm amoI doemamda Amho. doemam`m ~mOy`m XJS>m`m q^VrVrb XJS> bmQ>m`m, dm`m`m _m`mZo [PObobo AmhoV naVy `mV dmnabo`m Mw`mMm Wa AOyZhr VgmM Amho. XJS> {PObm Var Mw`mMr n>r VerM amhsbr Amho. `mdZ Mw`m`m _O~wVrMr H$_mb dmQ>Vo.
{H$`mV doe Ho$`mda CO`m hmVmbm H$mhr dmVyMo Adeof {XgVmV. `m`m nyT>o VrZ hmX AmhoV. hmXm_Yrb nmUr {n`m`mo` Zmhr. hmXm`m _mJo ~wOmV/VQ>~XrV XmoZ H$moR>m AmhoV.

doemam`m g_moaM VQ>~Xrda Om`mgmR>r [OZm Amho. `m [O`mZo da Jo`mda 5 \y$Q>r eV \$mOr bmJVo. `m \$mOrdZ {H$`mbm X{jUm _maVm `oVo. \$mOrdZ _mJ`m XmaH$S>o (nS>H$moQ>`m {Xeobm) OmVmZm dmQ>oV VQ>~XrV OmJmoOmJr O`m {XgVmV. VgoM VQ>~Xr`m AmVrb ~mOyg {H$`mV nS>bo`m AZoH$ Vmo\$m AmT>iVmV. _mJrb Xma`m ~mOybm Agbo`m ~wOmZm Vmo\o$gmR>r gd {XemZm PamoHo$ AmhoV. `m Pamo`mVyZ nS>H$moQ>`m H$_i (nX_) ~wOmMo A{V_ ` {XgVo. `m Xadm`m OdiM VQ>~Xrbm bmJyZ AZoH$ dmVy`m (~ag) q^Vr EH$m aofoV AmhoV. dmV`mZVa H$mhr H$mi hm {H$m H$Q>_`m Vm`mV hmoVm Vohm `mZr `m ~ag/hmX ~mYbo AgmdoV. nX_XyJbm EHy$U 6 ~wO AmhoV. nX_XyJ d nS>H$moQ> {_iyZ 38 Vmo\$m AmhoV. JS>mdZ gm_amOJS>, _wS>Mm {H$Zmam {XgVmo.

JS>mda Om`m`m dmQ>m :
_wS> Jmd gn`mda ImS>r bmJVo. `m ImS>rV Agbo`m hmoS>rdm`mer ~mobyZ nX_XyJmda Om`mgmR>r ImOJr hmoS>r R>admdr bmJVo. _wS>bm OmD$Z bJoM hmoS>r {_iUo Ae` Amho. `m_wio AmX`m {Xder hmoS>r R>adyZ R>odmdr d gH$mirM ~moQ>rMm 20 {_ZrQ>mMm dmg H$Z nX_XyJmda Omdo.

AZoH$ bmoH$mMm Agm Jag_O Amho H$s, nX_XyJmbm Om`mgmR>r O{O`mbm OmUm`mM hmoS>m OmVmV. nU `oWo EH$ Jmo> bjmV R>odmdr XS>mamOmnyarhZ _wgb_mZ bmoH$ Amn`m {eS>m`m hmoS>m KoD$Z O{O`mbm OmVmV. Va nX_XyJmda _wS>_Yrb qhXy H$moir bmoH$ B{OZm`m ~moQ>rVyZ KoD$Z OmVmV. _wS> _Yrb H$moir bmoH$mMm _w` `dgm` _mgo_mar Ag`m_wio \$mdc`m doimVM Vo nX_XyJbm `o`mg V`ma hmoVmV d `mgmR>r ^anya ngohr KoVmV. EH$m hmoS>rVyZ gmYmaUV: 20 _mUgo OmD$ eH$VmV.


amh`mMr gmo` :
JS>mda ahm`mMr gmo` Zmhr, _wS>_`o Amho.
OodUmMr gmo` :
JS>mda OodUmMr gmo` Zmhr, _wS>_`o Amho.
nm`mMr gmo` :
JS>mda nm`mMr gmo` Zmhr, _wS>_`o Amho.
Om`mgmR>r bmJUmam doi :
_wS>hZ ~moQ>rZo A`mVmgmV nX_XyJOdi nmohMVm `oVo.
Forts in the District of Raigad
 Ad{MVJS (Avchitgad)  ^r_meH$a (Bhimashankar)  {^dJS> / {^_JS> (Bhivgad/Bhimgad)  {~admS>r (Birwadi)
 Mm^maJS> (Chambhargad)  Hw$bm~m {H$m (Colaba)  T>mH$Mm ~{har (Dhak-Bahiri)  KmogmiJS> (Ghosalgad)
 Baemi (Irshalgad)  O{Oam (Janjira)  H$Zmim (Karnala)  ImXoar (Khanderi)
 Iw~bT>m {H$m/WiMm {H$m (Khubladha Fort (Thal Fort))  H$mobB (Korlai)  Hw$Sw>JS> -{dlm_JS> (Kurdugad)  qbJmUm (Lingana)
 _mZJS> (Mangad)  _JiJS> (Mangalgad)  _m{UH$JS> (Manikgad)  {_aJS> ({_am S>m|Ja) (Mirgad)
 _JJS> (Mruggad)  nX_XyJ (H$mgm {H$m) (Padmadurg ( Kasa Killa))  nhmioXwJ (Panhaledurg)  no~ (Peb)
 noR> (Peth)  {H$o ~iJS> (Prabalgad)  am`JS> (Raigad)  aodXS>m (Revdanda)
 gmJaJS> (IoS>XyJ) (Sagargad)  gm_amOJS> (Samrajgad)  gmH$erMm {H$m (Sankshi)  gagJS> (Sarasgad)
 gO}H$moQ> (am`JS>) (Sarjekot )  {edWa Ki (Shivtharghal)  gmoZ{Jar (amohm Odi) (Songiri(Near Roha))  gwYmJS> (Sudhagad)
 ViJS> (Talgad)  CXoar (Underi)