_wimjamZwgma S>m|JaamJmZwgma {OmZwgma H$mamZwgma loUrZwgma

C~aqIS> (Umberkhind) {H$`mMr CMr :  2081
{H$`mMm H$ma : {JarXwJ S>m|JaamJ: bmoUmdim
{Ohm : nwUo loUr : _`_
C~aqIS> hm nw`m - _w~BhZ EH$m {XdgmV H$aVm `o`mgmaIm gwXa d gmonm Q>oH$ Amho. C~aqIS>r ~amo~a bmoUmd`m`m "S>wg ZmoO' Mm S>m|Jahr nhmVm `oVmo.{edmOr _hmamOmZr gmr`m ^mJmobrH$ aMZoMm \$m`Xm KoD$Z J{Z_rH$m`mZo H$_rV H$_r g`mZo _moKbm`m ~bmT> \$mOoMm Ywdm C~aqIS>rV CS>dbm hmoVm. m A{V_ KQ>ZoMr gm{jXma Agbo`m C~aqIS>rMm gmonm Q>oH$ EH$Xm Var H$amdmM Agm Amho.
Umberkhind
B{Vhmg :
C~aqIS>rMm B{Vhmg OmUyZ Ko`mnydu VrMr ^mJmo{bH$ aMZm OmUyZ KoUo _hdmMo Amho. KmQ>mdZ H$moH$UmV CVa`mgmR>r AZoH$ KmQ> AmhoV. `mVrb EH$ Hw$adS>o KmQ>, hm KmQ> bmoUmd`mnmgyZ H$moH$UmVrb C~ao Jmdmn`V OmVmo. bmoUmd`mH$Sy>Z `oVmZm gmrMm IS>m nhmS> CVZ AmnU hm MmdUr Jmdmnmer `oVmo. BWo Amn`mbm A~m ZXr ^oQ>Vo hr ZXr R>mHy$admS>rn`V Amnbr gmo~V H$aVo. MmdUr Vo R>mHy$admS>r Xa`mZ A~mZXr`m nmm`m ~mOyZo OmUmar qMMmoir nm`dmQ> XmQ> OJbmVyZ OmVo. `m dmQ>o`m Xmohr ~mOybm Q>oH$S>m AmhoV `m_wio `m _mJmMr aMZm ZirgmaIr Amho. `m ZirMo ~yM hUOo R>mHy$admS>rMr Q>oH$S>r `m Q>oH$S>rImbrM A~mZXr COdrH$S>o diU KoVo. `m ZirV EH$Xm {eabo H$s _mJrb IS>m gmr, ~mOy`m Q>oH$S>m d A~mZXrMo nm d nyT>rb R>mHy$admS>r`m Q>oH$S>rMo ~yM `m_wio ey AmngyH$M H$m|S>bm OmVmo. `m ^mJmo{bH$ n[apWVrMm \$m`Xm KoD$Z _hmamOmZr _moKbm`m ~bmT> g`mMm H$_rV H$_r g`mZo d H$_rV H$_r doimV gneob nam^d Ho$bm.

B.g. 1661 `m OmZodmarV emhrVoImZmZo H$maVb~ImZmbm {edmOr _hmamOm`m Vm`mV Agbobo Cma H$moH$U H$m~rO H$a`m`m _mohr_oda nmR>{dbo. H$maVb~ImZm~amo~a, H$N>n, OgdV H$moH$mQ>o, OmYdamd ho gaXma d am`~mKZ hr r gaXma hmoVr. `m{edm` nm`Xi d KmoS>Xi AXmOo 20,000, KmoS>o, ~b, N>moQ>m Vmo\$m, ~XyH$m, S>oao, hmr, I{OZm Agm _moJbr gaOm_ hmoVm.

ImZ nyUo, VioJmd-dS>Jmd-_idbr _mJ} bmoUmd`mH$S>o gaH$bm. dmV{dH$ nhmVm dmQ>odarb bmohJS>, {dgmnya {H$o dam`mV hmoVo, nU _hmamOm`m Amko_wio `m {H$`mdZ ImZm`m g`mbm H$moUVmM {damoY Pmbm Zmhr. H$maU C~aqIS>rV ImZmbm H$m|S>rV nH$Sy>Z PmoS>nyZ H$mT>Uo e` hmoVo. _hmamOmZr ZoVmOrbm ImZm`m dmQ>odarb nmUdR>mMr, {d{hatMr H$m|S>r H$a`mMm hHy$_ {Xbm. `m_wio ImZmMr \$mO VhmZoZo hamU Pmbr.

ImZmbm C~aqIS>rV IoMyZ AmU`mgmR>r _hmamOmZr noU Odi g`mMr O_dmO_d Ho$br d hr I~a ImZmn`V nmohMd`mMr `dWm Ho$br. ImZmZo Hw$adS>m KmQ>mZo CVa`mMm {ZU` KoVbm d ImZmMr \$mO Vmo XwH$a KmQ> CV bmJbr. \$mO Xwnman`V H$er~er MmbV MmdUr JmdmV Ambr. OmZodmar _[hZm Ag`m_wio A~m ZXrbm nmUr ZhVo. AmYrM VhmZbobr \$mO Xwnma`m ChmZo d KmQ> CVa`m_wio J{bV_m Pmbr hmoVr. Aemdoir ImZmZo g`mbm nwT>o Om`mMr Amkm Ho$br. ImZmMo g`
C~aqIS>r`m ZirV Jm`mV {eabo. g`mMo nwT>Mo Q>moH$ R>mHy$admS>r`m Q>oH$S>rOdi d _mJrb Q>moH$ MmdUr JmdmV Aer AdWm AgVmZm _hmamOm`m g`mZo AMmZH$ _moKbr g`mda hm Ho$bm. ~mOy`m Q>oH$S>m_wio d KZXmQ> Aa`m_wio _amR>mZm Zg{JH$ gajU {_iV hmoV nU ImZmMr \$mO doJmZo H$mnbr _mabr OmV hmoVr. `mZm hm Hw$Ry>Z hmoV Amho VoM H$iV ZhVo. `mVM {edmOr _hmamO dV: R>mHy$admS>r`m Q>oH$S>rda g` KoD$Z C^o AmhoV hQ>`mda _moKbmMm Yra IMbm. _mJo gmrMm IS>m nhmS> MT>Uo e` ZhVo, Vmo aVm ZoVmOr`m g`mZo ~X Ho$bm hmoVm.

Aem n[apWVrV eaU Om`m{edm` ImZmbm n`m`M ZhVm. `mZo _hmamOmH$S>o A^`XmZ _mJ`mgmR>r dH$sb nmR>dbm. _hmamOmZr ImZmbm gd gmhr` Amho VgoM gmoSy>Z Om`mMm hwHy$_ {Xbm. ImZmMo g` [aH$m`m hmVmZr naV nw`mH$S>o Jobo. C~aqIS>rV 2 \o$~wdmar 1661 amoOr ImZmMm gneob nam^d Pmbm. _moJbmMo KmoS>o, hmr, I{OZm, S>oao, eo ho gm{h` _amR>mZm {_imbo.
JS>mdarb nhm`mgmaIr {R>H$mUo :
JS>mda Om`m`m dmQ>m :
bmoUmdim WmZH$m`m \$bmQ> H$. 5 `m ~mOyZo (^yer S>_`m) ~mhoa nS>mdo. VoWyZ Hw$adS>o JmdmV Om`mgmR>r ~g qH$dm ImOJr Orn {_iVm `mZo 10 {_. AmnU Hw$adS>o JmdmV nmohmoMVmo. JmdmVyZM CO`m hmVmbm ""S>yg ZmoOMm'' gwiH$m {XgVmo Vmo MTy>Z naV `o`mg gmYmaU 1 Vmg bmJVmo.

Hw$adS>o Jmd KmQ> _m`mda Amho VoWyZ C~aqIS>r CVa`mgmR>r _ibobr nm`dmQ> hmoVr nU A{bH$S>oM Jg H$nZrZo nmBnbmBZ Q>mH$VmZm H$m aVm ~Z{dbobm Amho. `m a`mZo 1 VmgmV AmnU nm``m`m MmdUr JmdmV nmohMVmo. MmdUr JmdmnmgyZ 30 {_ZrQ AVamda "g_a^y_r C~aqIS>' Agm \$bH$ S>m`m hmVmbm {XgVmo. VoWyZ A~mZXrMo nm AmobmS>`mda AmnU _maH$mnmer `oVmo. `m _maH$mda _hmamOmMr Amkmno d C~aqIS>rMm B{Vhmg H$moabobm Amho. `oWyZ R>mHy$admS>r _mJ} nmbr - Imonmobr a`mdarb eo_S>r JmdmV nmohM`mgmR>r 1 Vmg bmJVmo. eo_S>r JmdmVyZ ~g AWdm [ajmZo Imonmobrbm OmVm `oVo. C~aqIS>rMm Q>oH$ 9 _bmMm d nyU {XdgmMm Amho.

bmoUmdim - Hw$adS>o - MmdUr - R>mHy$admS>r - eo_S>r - Imonmobr AWdm C~aqIS>r _maH$mn`V eo_S>rhZ H$m aVm Ambm Amho. OrngmaIo dhmZ nmdgmim gmoSy>Z AmUVm `oVo.

Om`mgmR>r bmJUmam doi :
Hw$adS>o JmdmVyZ C~aqIS>rV nmohmoM`mg 1 Vmg bmJVmo.
gyMZm :
hm Q>oH$ gQ>|~a-AmQ>mo~a Xa`mZ Ho$`mg AZoH$ amZ\y$bo nhm`bm {_iVmV. `m ^mJmV H$madrMr PmS>o AmhoV Vr Xa 7 - 8 dfmZr \w$bVmV. 2008 _`o \y$bbr hmoVr. A~mZXrbm nmUr Zmoh|~a _hr`mn`V AgVo.
Forts in the range of Lonavala
 H$moarJS> - H$moamBJS> (Korigad)  bmohJS> (Lohagad)  _JJS> (Mruggad)  amO_mMr (Rajmachi)
 gmoZ{Jar (H$OV Odi) (Songir (Karjat))  gwYmJS> (Sudhagad)  {VH$moZm (Tikona)  VwJ (Tung)
 C~aqIS> (Umberkhind)  {dgmnya (Visapur)