_wimjamZwgma S>m|JaamJmZwgma {OmZwgma H$mamZwgma loUrZwgma

WmiZoa (Thalner) {H$`mMr CMr :  100
{H$`mMm H$ma : {JarXwJ S>m|JaamJ: S>m|JaamJ Zmhr
{Ohm : Ywio loUr : gmonr
Ywio {Oh`mV Vmnr ZXr H$mR>r WmiZoa hm nwamVZ {H$m AmOhr H$mimer d Wm{ZH$ bmoH$m`m AZmWoer PwO XoV C^m Amho. AZoH$ amOdQ>r d `mMm d^dembr H$mi nm{hbobm hm {H$m AmVm Z> hmo`m`m _mJmda Amho. WmiZoa H$mhr H$mi ImZXoeMr amOYmZr hmoVm. gwaV - ~whmUnya `m `mnmar _mJmdarb _hdmMo H|$ hmoVm.bVm _JoeH$a `mMo AmOmoi WmiZoabm hmoVo.

Thalner
B{Vhmg :
B.g. 1128 _`o {OdmOr Am{U JmodmOr `m Jdir qH$dm Ahra Hw$Qw>~mH$S>o WmiZoaMm Vm~m hmoVm. Xod{JarMm amOm ~mOramd mMm _wbJm XmbVamd ImZXoeMr nmhmUr H$a`mgmR>r Ambm AgVm `mbm WmiZoaMr ^a^amQ> Pm`mM AmT>ib, (`mMdoir ImZXoemVrb BVa 23 {H$`mMr YwiYmU Pmbr hmoVr) `m_wio Iwe hmoD$Z `mZo {OdmOr Am{U JmodmOr`m Hw$Qw>~mbm WmiZoaMm _wI ~Z{dbo.

B.g. 1370 _`o {\$amoOehm VwKbH$ `mZo hm Xoe qOHy$Z KoVbm Am{U _{bH$amOm \$mH$s `mbm X{jU JwOamVMr gw^oXmar ~hmb Ho$br. _{bH$Zo WmiZoabm Amnbr amOYmZr ~Z{dbr. nwT>`mM dfu JwOamV`m gwbVmZmZo _{bH$da hm H$Z `mMm Xoe {hgH$mdyZ KoVbm, _{bH$ WmiZoa`m Aml`mbm OmD$Z amhrbm. B.g.1399 _`o _{bH$ _o`mda `mZo Amn`m Xwg`m _wbmbm WmiZoaMm Vm~m {Xbm. `m_wio {MS>bo`m n{h`m _wbmZo _mi`m`m gwbVmZm`m _XVrZo WmiZoada hm H$Z `mMm Vm~m KoVbm.(1417)

B.g. 1498 _`o JwOamVMm gwbVmZ _mo. ~oJmS>m `mZo WmiZoa qOHy$Z AmOy~mOy`m XoemV bwQ>mbwQ> Ho$br. 1511 _`o _mo. ~oJmS>mZo AYm ImZXoe Amnbm d{Oa _{bH$ hgZwrZ `mbm ~hmb Ho$bm nU nwT>`mM dfu `mMm IwZ Pmbm.
JwOamVMm gwbVmZ MJoO ImZZo B.g. 1566 _`o ImZXoeMm amOm {_amZ _wh_X ImZ `mMm nam^d Ho$bm. B.g. 1600 _`o WmiZoaMm Vm~m AH$~amH$S>o Jobm, `mdoir gwaV - ~whmUnya `m `mnmar _mJmda Agbobm hm {H$m A{Ve` _O~yV d gn hmoVm. 1750 _`o WmiZoaMm Vm~m noe`mH$S>o Jo`mda `mZr Vmo hmoiH$amZm {Xbm. 1800 _`o hmoiH$amZr Vmo qZ~miH$amZm {Xbm, nU nwT>`mM dfu naV Amn`m Vm`mV KoVbm.

B.g. 1818 _`o {~Q>re OZab ga Wm_g {hgmn Oohm WmiZoaMm {H$m Ko`mgmR>r Jobm, `mdoir ImZXoe`m B{VhmgmVrb gdmV ama{OV {VH$ma `mbm BWo Pmbm. `mV _amR>mMo 250 bmoH$ Va BJOmMo 25 OU R>ma Pmbo.

JS>mdarb nhm`mgmaIr {R>H$mUo :
:- Vmnr ZXr WmiZoa JmdmOdi Zmbo`m (`y) AmH$mamMo diU KoVo. VoWo Agbo`m 100 _rQ>a CM Q>oH$S>rda WmiZoaMm {H$m dgbobm Amho. AmO XwXdmZo {H$`mMr nmVmioda _Xram`m ~mOyMr 60 \y$Q> CM ^mObo`m {dQ>m_`o ~mYbobr q^V d 2 ~wO C^o AmhoV. ~mH$s gd ~mOy`m q^Vr d ~wO Z> Pmbobo AmhoV. {H$`mda XmoZ N>moQ>m Xod`m AmhoV. EH$mV geJr XodrMr A{bH$S>Mr _wVu Amho d Xwgao XoD$i [aH$m_o Amho.

{H$`mV \$mago H$mhr ~K`mgmaIo Zgbo Var JmdmV XmoZ {R>H$mUo nhm`mgmaIr AmhoV.
1) O_mXma dmS>m- JmdmVyZ nmVmioda eH$a _XramH$S>o OmVmZm EH$ JT>r Amnbo bj doYyZ KoVo. `mbm Wm{ZH$ bmoH$ ""O_mXma dmS>m'' hUVmV. `m JT>rV AmO{_Vrbm AZoH$ Hw$Qw>~ ahmVmV. dmS>m`m 4 Q>moH$mZm {dQ>mZr ~mYbobo 12 \w$Q>r ~wO AmhoV. doema 20 \w$Q> CM AgyZ `mda AUHw$MrXma {Iio ~g{dbobo AmhoV. dmS>mMo doema, `mdarb gmm bmH$S>r AgyZ `mda gwXa H$moardH$m_ Ho$bobo Amho. dmS>m`m AmVrb ^mJmVrb Kam`m Xmam {IS>`mdahr gwXa ZjrH$m_ Amho. KamVrb gm`m IwQ>m, H$moZmS>o `m`mdaMo ZjrH$m_ JT>r ~mYUm`m`m a{gH$VoMr H$nZm XoVo. JT>rbm ViKa d `mV CVa`mgmR>r {OZm Amho. `m XmoZ _Obr JT>rV g`m AZoH$ Hw$Qw>~o ahmVmV Vo AmWoZo JT>r XmIdVmV, nU `m`m B{Vhmgm~b d nydOm`m H$Vdm~b Vo AZ{^k AmhoV. JT>r`m doemameoOmar am_qgJ d Jw_mZ qgJ hr Zmdo {bhbobr {XgVmV.

2) 10 H$~ar- WmiZoada am` H$aUm`m \$mH$s Kam`mVrb amOm`m d _hdm`m `mt`m H$~ar WmiZoa JmdmV AmhoV. `mVrb EH$ _moR>r H$~a A>H$moZr AgyZ `mda Aao{~H$ ^mfoVrb {ebmboI Amho. ~mH$s`m H$~ar gmYmaU EH$mM _mnm`m (11\y$Q> * 11 \y$Q>) d AmH$mam`m AmhoV. `m H$~arnH$s Mma kmV amOm`m H$~ar nwT>rb_mUo.1) _{bH$ amOm (1396), 2) _{bH$ Z{ga (1437), 3) {_amZ AXrb ehm (1441) 4) {_amZ _w~maH$ ImZ (1457).

JS>mda Om`m`m dmQ>m :
WmiZoa Jmd Ywio ehamnmgyZ 48 {H$._r. da Amho.
amh`mMr gmo` :
Zmhr.
OodUmMr gmo` :
Zmhr.
nm`mMr gmo` :
Zmhr.
gyMZm :
Yw`mhZ gH$mir bdH$a {ZKyZ 21 {H$._r. darb gmoZ{Ja, 27 {H$._r. darb WmiZoa nmhZ Yw`mbm naV `oVm `oVo. AWdm VgoM nwT>o OmD$Z (40 {H$._r.) darb A_iZoa (20 {H$._r.) nmamoim (8 {H$._r.) ~hmXanya ho {H$o nmhZ Yw`mbm naV `oVm `oVo.

Forts of Grade: Easy
 AqO`Vmam (Ajinkyatara)  A_iZoa (Amalner)  Am~moiJS> (Ambolgad)  AOZoar (Anjaneri)
 AVwa (Antoor)  Ad{MVJS (Avchitgad)  ~hmXanya (Bahadarpur fort)  ~m`mMm {H$m (Bandra Fort)
 ~mUH$moQ> {H$m (Bankot)  ~obmnyaMm {H$m (Belapur fort)  ~oiJmdMm {H$m (Belgaum Fort)  ^JdVJS> (Bhagwantgad)
 ^aVJS> (Bharatgad)  ^dmZJS> (Bhavangad)  ^wXaJS> (Bhudargad)  ^ynVJS> (Bhupatgad)
 {~admS>r (Birwadi)  MXZ - dXZ (Chandan-Vandan)  Hw$bm~m {H$m (Colaba)  XmS>m {H$m (Danda Fort)
 XmVoJS> (Dategad)  Ymamdr {H$m (Dharavi Fort)  XwJmS>r {H$m (Durgadi Fort)  \$moJS (Fattegad)
 JYdJS> (Gandharvgad)  Jmodm {H$m (Goa Fort)  JmodiH$moQ> (Gowalkot)  BmB (Indrai)
 O{Oam (Janjira)  H$mim{H$m (Kalakilla)  H$`mUJS> (Kalyangad(Nandgiri))  H$ZH$XwJ (Kanakdurg)
 H$Zmim (Karnala)  Ho$ido {H$m (Kelve Fort)  ImXoar (Khanderi)  ImaonmQ>U (Kharepatan fort)
 Iw~bT>m {H$m/WiMm {H$m (Khubladha Fort (Thal Fort))  Hw$Sw>JS> -{dlm_JS> (Kurdugad)  bmohJS> (Lohagad)  _T>Mm {H$m(dgm}dm {H$m) (Madh Fort (Varsova Fort))
 _mhr_Mm {H$m (Mahim Fort)  _mhr_ {H$m (Ho$ido-_mhr_) (Mahim Fort ( Kelve - Mahim))  _{h_mZJS> (Mahimangad)  _{hnmcJS> (Mahipalgad)
 _mhbr (Mahuli)  _hmaJS> (gmoZmoar) (Malhargad)  _mJr - VwJr (Mangi-Tungi)  _moamJS> (Moragad)
 _whoa (Mulher)  ZmJbm~Xa {H$m (Nagla bunder Fort)  ZmUoKmQ (Naneghat)  {ZdVrMm {H$m (Nivati Fort)
 nX_XyJ (H$mgm {H$m) (Padmadurg ( Kasa Killa))  nJS> (_mbdU) (Padmgad (Malvan))  nhmiJS> (Panhalgad)  nmaJS> (Pargad)
 nmamoim (Parola)  n>mJS (Patta)  {ngmoi {H$m (Pisol)  nwaXa (Purandar)
 am`JS> (Raigad)  am`aoa (Raireshwar)  amOH$moQ> (Rajkot)  amO_mMr (Rajmachi)
 am_goO (Ramshej)  agmiJS> (Rasalgad)  aodXS>m (Revdanda)  [adm {H$m (Riwa Fort)
 gXm{edJS> (Sadashivgad)  gmhoa (Salher)  gm_mZJS> (Samangad)  gO}H$moQ> (am`JS>) (Sarjekot )
 gO}H$moQ> (_mbdU) (Sarjekot(Malvan))  {edS>rMm {H$m (Sewri Fort)  qghJS> (Sinhagad)  gm`ZMm {H$m(erd {H$m) (Sion Fort)
 gwYmJS> (Sudhagad)  gydUXyJ (Suvarnadurg)  ViJS> (Talgad)  VoaoImobMm {H$m (Terekhol Fort)
 WmiZoa (Thalner)  {VH$moZm (Tikona)  q~H$JS> D$\$ ~h{Jar (Trimbakgad)  qJbdmS>r (Tringalwadi)
 VwJ (Tung)  d^JS> (Vallabhgad)  dYZJS> (Vardhangad)  dgVJS> (Vasantgad)
 {dO`XyJ (Vijaydurg)  dairMm {H$m (Worli Fort)  `edVJS> (aoS>rMm {H$m) (Yashawantgad (Redi Fort))